Pakistan Cultural Tourism

Talking about the culture of Pakistan will not be justified unless we do not focus on the whole culture of Indian Subcontinent, of which Pakistan about some decades ago was a part. Pakistan is a cradle of Indus civilization (5000 years old) which starts from the Indus river valley (Khyber Pakhtunkhawa) and is further spread over to Calcutta (India) and Bangladesh, though the old Indus valley settlements of Moenjodaro, Harappa and Taxila are the root places in the history of Indus civilization and have played important role for its cultural development in the region. In short without visiting today’s Pakistan one can’t claim that I know about the Indus culture.

 

The world famous Gandhara Culture & Art (cradle of Buddhist civilization, 500 BC) also originated and flourished in this region. The richness of this culture & art can be witnessed in throughout the valley of Swat, Peshawar and Taxila, and the region is also known as the foundation place of Buddhism (Mahayana school of thought). The Gandhara region is as sacred place for the Buddhists, same as Makkah for Muslims orBaitulLaham for Christians.

 

As Indian subcontinent has been a playground for the international players and waves of migrations took place in this continent whether they were for economic reasons or for colonial, which left the society more colorful and enriched with the variety of languages, traditions, life style and languages. The Mughals were among one of the major players who brought the changes influenced by the Central Asian culture and languages. Their remarkable share in art and architect can be witnessed in Lahore, Delhi and Agra. They did not bring only a different life style with them but also introduced a new language (Urdu) which was later on promoted by the British. The British also played a major role in converting the Indian society into globalization, especially by introducing English language to the inhabitants. 

 

Sufism is an imported form of Indian Islam which is known for a soft in its nature and little blended with the local religions is highly attractive part of cultural activities in Pakistan (Indian subcontinent). The Qawwali (Sufis preaching way through music) was actually started in this region and that is why, despite the efforts from some extremist groups who are extremely in minority have failed to convert the people of this region into extremism.

 

Urdu, the official language of Pakistan was not widely spoken (except amongst the urban elite) anywhere in the country at independence. Indeed, it was adopted primarily because of its neutral status in a country where each region had its own native language. Urdu was first developed by Mughals, blending the Persian and Hindi (70% Hindi). Urdu is most widely spoken as first language amongst the Mohajirs (migrants from India).

 

The Punjabis, a blend of Aryan and Indian stock, are the single largest group of over half of the Pakistan total population. Punjabi, as language is the most important, being spoken in around 48 percent of households.

 

The Saraikis are an important minority in Punjab and also found in adjoining parts of Sind, Khyberpakhtunkhwah and Balochistan. Their language Saraikiis spoken by around 15 percent of households.

 

Speakers of Hindkoh are found primarily in the Mansehra, Abbotabad and partly in Peshawar. The language is very close to Punjabi.

 

The Pathans, are the next largest group, who represent the majority in Khyberpakhtunkhwah. Fiercely independent nature with fair complexion, the Pathans are a formidable people whose social structure is deeply tribal in nature. Their language, Pashto represents the 13 percent of household’s nationality.

 

The Sindhis, represent a similar percentage of the population to the Pathans. Their language, Sindhi is spoken by around 12 of households of nationality.

 

The Balochare another of Pakistan’s great tribal societies and like Pathans, as an ethnic group they extend far beyond the boundaries of Pakistan. Their language, Balochiis the second main language of the province of Balochistan. The Brohiare the third main group found in Balochistan.

 

Broshuskiin central Hunza and Wakhi in upper Hunza are spoken in northern area of Pakistan bordering with Wakhan corridor and China. Baltimeanwhile, spoken in BaltistanSkardu, is closely linked with Tibetan.